Egypt has the largest population ratio in the Arab countries and considered the third most populous country in Africa, behind Ethiopia and Nigeria. About 95% of Egypt population is concentrated around the fertile strip of the Nile River as most of the country is a desert. The rapid growth of Egypt’s population, which is 46% between 1994 and 2014 – limits the natural resources of the country such as jobs, housing, sanitation, education, and health care.
Despite the decline of Egypt’s total fertility rate from 5.5 children per woman in 1980 to just 3 children in the 1990s, as a result of the country's sponsored family planning programs, the population growth rate dropped more in a modest way because of the low mortality rates. During the last 10 years, The decline of Egypt’s fertility rate decline paused for several years and then reversed to reach 3.6 in 2011 and has become stable again during the last few years.
- Population of Egypt: 94,666,993 in 2016
- Egypt population rank to the world: 16
- The Nationality: Egyptian
- Ethnic groups found in Egypt: Egyptian 99.6%, other 0.4%
- Languages spoken in Egypt: Arabic is the official language, English and French are understood by educated classes
- Religions in Egypt: Muslim (majority Sunni) 90%, Christian (10%).